Our extruders are specifically designed to be used with any filament on the market as tested by our R&D team. With a maximum extruder temperature of 300C and a heated bed, you are able to print with a LARGE VARIETY of materials. Here are some of the most common 3D printing materials:

PLA (Polylactic acid)

PLA – POLYLACTIC ACID

PLA is easily the most common 3D printer filament currently in use.

WHEN SHOULD I USE PLA 3D PRINTER FILAMENT?

PLA makes for a good overall choice in filament for beginners.  Common prints include models, low-wear toys, some prototyping and containers.

CAN I PRINT WITH THIS FILAMENT USING THE INFINTY3D PRINTER?

Yes.

PROS:

  • PLA an entry level printing filament and is easy to print with, having a lower printing temperature than almost all other filaments. Because its rate of thermal contraction is minimal, it doesn’t warp as easily which means that it doesn’t require a heating bed (although the use of a heating bed can definitely help).
  • Similarly, PLA fumes are negligible. It is generally considered an odorless filament, but many have reported smelling sweet fumes, especially at higher heats or if there is a problem with the consistency of the actual PLA filament itself.
  • PLA is biodegradable thermoplastic and even though it takes a fair amount of time to degrade, is considered more environmentally friendlythan most 3D printer filaments, being made from annually renewable resources such as corn starch or sugar cane.
  • Like ABS, PLA is the base material used in many exotic or recreational filaments such as those infused with wood or metal, and conductive or glow in the dark filaments.

CONS

  • The primary drawback to PLA is that it is soft and in higher heats – approximately 60 degrees and up like being left in the sun, or in a hot car – can deform.
  • PLA is brittle, so avoid using it when making items that might be bent, twisted, or dropped repeatedly, such as phone cases, high-wear toys, or tool handles.
  • Similarly, when compared to other filaments like ABS, Nylon or Polyester, PLA is lower strength.

3D Printer Filament Properties: PLA

  • Strength: Medium to High | Flexibility: Low | Durability: Medium
  • Difficulty to use: Low
  • Print temperature: 180°C – 230°C
  • Print bed temperature: 20°C – 60°C (but not needed)
  • Shrinkage/warping: Minimal
  • Soluble: No

Food safety: Refer to manufacturer guidelines

ABS (acrylonitrile butadiene styrene)

ABS – ACRYLONITRILE BUTADIENE STYRENE

ABS is possibly the second most popular 3D printer filament currently in use. But that just means it’s the second most commonly used. With respect to its material properties, ABS is actually moderately superior to PLA, despite being slightly more difficult to print with.


WHEN SHOULD I USE ABS PRINTER FILAMENT?

ABS a good general-purpose 3D printer filament, but where it really shines is with items that are frequently handled, dropped, or heated. Examples include phone cases, high-wear toys, tool handles, automotive trim components, and electrical enclosures.

CAN I PRINT WITH THIS FILAMENT USING THE INFINTY3D PRINTER?

Yes.

PROS:

  • ABS is known to be strong, tough and durable. It is forgiving to scratches and offers good heat resistance
  • It can endure heat and pressure/stress making it a great choice for wear and tear prints (for example, straining a piece of ABS filament will cause it to distort and bend before breaking – unlike PLA which breaks more easily)
  • With the proper settings, ABS is quite forgiving as a printing material and can even help achieve overhangs of 45 degrees.
  • Processing ABS is also easier – scraping, filing, sanding, gluing and in some cases even smoothing out its surfaces with acetone. It can also be painted over using acrylic colors.

CONS:

  • Compared to PLA, ABS has a high rate of thermo-linear contraction – the rate at which the material contracts when cooling – which means it requires good temperature management. It requires a slow cool or you may end up with cracks or split layers.  As such, printing ABS in an enclosure with a controlled temperature works best.
  • ABS gives off foul smelling fumes when printing which can induce headaches and even drowsiness. As such, printing in a well ventilated room is highly recommended.

3D Printer Filament Properties: ABS

  • Strength: High| Flexibility: Medium | Durability: High
  • Difficulty to use: Medium
  • Print temperature: 210°C – 250°C
  • Print bed temperature: 80°C – 110°C
  • Shrinkage/warping: Considerable
  • Soluble: In esters, ketones, and acetone
  • Food safety: Not food safe

Nylon (Taulman 645 and 618)

NYLON

Nylon, a popular family of synthetic polymers used in many industrial applications, is the heavyweight champion of the 3D printing world. Compared to most other filaments, it ranks as the number one contender when together considering strength, flexibility, and durability.

WHEN SHOULD I USE NYLON 3D PRINTER FILAMENT?

Taking advantage of nylon’s strength, flexibility, and durability use this 3D printer filament to create tools, functional prototypes, or mechanical parts (like hinges, buckles, or gears).

CAN I PRINT WITH THIS FILAMENT USING THE INFINTY3D PRINTER?

Yes.
PROS:

  • Combination of high strength and flexibility makes this filament ideal for more industrial and professional applications.
  • Another unique characteristic to nylon 3D printer filament is that it can be dyed, either before or after the printing process.

CONS

  • The negative side to this is that nylon, like PETG, is hygroscopic, meaning it absorbs moisture, so remember to store it in a cool, dry place to ensure better quality prints.
  • Requires a high heat extruder.

3D Printer Filament Properties: Nylon

  • Strength: High| Flexibility: High | Durability: High
  • Difficulty to use: Medium
  • Print temperature: 240°C – 260°C
  • Print bed temperature: 70°C – 100°C
  • Shrinkage/warping: Considerable
  • Soluble: No
  • Food safety: Refer to manufacturer guidelines

Polyester (PET, PETG, PETT)

PETG – POLYETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE GLYCOL

The base material PET, is the most commonly used plastic in the world. Best known as the polymer used in water bottles, it is also found in clothing fibres and food containers.  PET itself is rarely used in 3D printing, but PETG – a glycol modified version of PET – is a filament that is clearer, less brittle and easier to use than PET.


WHEN SHOULD I USE PETG 3D PRINTING FILAMENT?

PETG is an ideal 3D printer filament to use for objects which might experience sustained or sudden stress, like mechanical parts, printer parts, and protective components.

CAN I PRINT WITH THIS FILAMENT USING THE INFINTY3D PRINTER?

Yes.

PROS:

  • PETG has a growing reputation for combining the functionality (stronger, more temperature resistant and durable) and the ease of use of PLA
  • Excellent layer adhesion and reduced warping and shrinkage
  • PETT (Polyethylene coTrimethylene Terephthalate), also a variant of PET is slightly more rigid than PETG and is popular because it is more transparent.

CONS

  • While more forgiving that ABS, PETG is not the easiest material to print with and may require a little tinkering with settings to ensure finding the perfect settings.
  • PETG is hygroscopic, which means it can absorb ambient air moisture. Since this can have a negative effect on printing, it is important to store this filament in a cool, dry place.
  • Though it is a strong material, PETG scratches more easily than ABS.

3D Printer Filament Properties: PETG (PET, PETT)

  • Strength: High| Flexibility: Medium | Durability: High
  • Difficulty to use: Low
  • Print temperature: 220°C – 250°C
  • Print bed temperature: 50°C – 75°C
  • Shrinkage/warping: Minimal
  • Soluble: No
  • Food safety: Refer to manufacturer guidelines
flexible

THERMOPLASTIC ELASTOMERS (TPE/TPU/TPC) – FILAFLEX, NINJAFLEX, others

THERMOPLASTIC ELASTOMERS (TPE/TPU/TPC) – FILAFLEX, NINJAFLEX, others

As the name implies, thermoplastic elastomers (TPE) are essentially plastics with rubber-like qualities, making them extremely flexible and durable.

WHEN SHOULD I USE TPE/TPU/TPC PRINTER FILAMENTS?

Use TPE or TPU when creating objects that need to take a lot of wear. If you require that your print should bend, stretch, or compress, TPE’s are the right filaments to choose. Example prints might include some automotive parts, medical supplies, toys, phone cases, or wearables (like wristbands and even shoes).

CAN I PRINT WITH THIS FILAMENT USING THE INFINTY3D PRINTER?

Yes.

PROS:

  • No other material offers the kind of rubber like qualities TPE’s do.
  • Soft and stretchable, these filaments can withstand punishment that neither ABS nor PLA can tolerate.
  • TPU (Thermoplastic Polyurethane) which is a variety of TPE is slightly more rigid and durable, and is considered a little easier to print.
  • TPC (Thermoplastic Copolyester) is another variety of TPE. It features higher heat, chemical and UV resistance.

CONS:

  • TPE’s can be difficult to print and require a proper feeding mechanism for extrusion.

3D Printer Filament Properties: TPE, TPU, TPC (Flexible)

  • Strength: Medium | Flexibility: Very High| Durability: Very High
  • Difficulty to use: Medium (TPE, TPC); Low(TPU)
  • Print temperature: 210°C – 230°C
  • Print bed temperature: 30°C – 60°C (but not needed)
  • Shrinkage/warping: Minimal
  • Soluble: No
  • Food safety: Not food safe

Specialty PLA Filaments

There are many new infused PLA filaments coming to the market – metallic, magnetic, conductive, and fibrous. Specialty filament prints at the same PLA temperature range as it contains mostly PLA with a percentage of additive material. They are considered experimental and they are mainly used for models and statuets.

HIPS (High Impact Polystryrene)

HIPS is a soft material that is used for printing support as it dissolves completely in D-limonene. Excellent for dual extruders as you can use HIPS in your second extruder to generate support instead of wasting your main material. Tip: Cut away any printed support you can to minimize time spent in the d-limonene bath.